What Is Artificial Intelligence & Why It Matters?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of the computer which emphasizes on the creation of intelligent machines designed to work and react like humans. The fathers of the field Minsky and McCarthy described artificial intelligence as any task performed by a program or a machine back in the 1950s. Moreover, Artificial intelligence was founded as an academic discipline in 1956. The foundation of the field was based on the claim that human intelligence can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. The reasoning, knowledge representation, planning, learning, natural language processing, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects are some of the traditional goals of AI research.

Artificial Intelligence & Its Significance

Artificial Intelligence has become an important part of our daily lives today. Our life has changed by AI because it is now used in a wide variety of day to day services.

There are basically two types of Artificial Intelligence. One is called the Narrow AI and the other is the General AI. Narrow AI based intelligent systems are taught how to carry out specific tasks without being explicitly programmed how to do so. Narrow AI is evident in the speech and language recognition of the Siri virtual assistant on the Apple iPhones, in the vision-recognition systems on self-driving cars, in the recommendation engines that suggest products you may like. While on the other hand, general intelligence is quite different. It is the type of adaptable intellect found in humans. It is a flexible form of intelligence capable of learning how to carry out vastly different tasks. This sort of AI is more commonly seen in movies, the likes of HAL in 2001 or Skynet in The Terminator.

Artificial Intelligence has become an important part of our daily lives today. Our life has changed by AI because this technology is used in a wide area of day to day services. All of the major cloud platforms like Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform provide access to GPU arrays for training and running machine learning models. Even though, Google is also gearing up to let users use its Tensor Processing Units that include the custom chips whose design is optimized for training and running machine-learning models.

Whenever anyone thinks of reducing the human effort, Artificial intelligence is the only option that comes in mind. AI reduces human effort. Due to this reason, the people are using this technology to develop machine slaves to perform different activities. It can speed up the process of work and give an accurate result. The introduction of AI brought the idea of an error-free world which was practically impossible otherwise.

The major tech firms that are winning the race in AI include the tech giant, Facebook that uses AI to help drive myriad public services like serving search results, offering recommendations, recognizing people, on-demand translation, spotting spam etc. Apple’s Siri uses machine-learning technology to get smarter and better able to predict and understand our natural-language questions and requests. Amazon’s Alexa is a revolutionary product that can help us scour the web for information, shop, schedule appointments, set alarms and a million other things using AI. Cogito is one of the most powerful examples of behavioral adaptation to improve the emotional intelligence of customer support representatives. Amazon’s transactional A.I allows you to make astronomical amounts of money online. Google Assistant, Tesla and Microsoft Cortana all perform certain tasks using AI. There are many other examples of an AI-based system that are in use today. AI has also an important role in gaming zone too. With AI, Computer and TV games got more development and updates in their fields. There was a time when “Super Mario” was considered as the best game. But nowadays there are different gaming bots introduced.

Furthermore, the AI based smartphones have conquered the market nowadays. The smartphone companies have started creating special hardware and software dedicated to AI functionality. Apple’s latest iPhones support a neural engine chip which supports its Face ID facial recognition system. Using AI, “True Depth” front-facing camera is able to create a 3D map of a person’s face.  Apple’s Memojis are also created with this 3D facial-mapping information.  The Ai-focused hardware of iPhones improves graphics on its augmented-reality feature. Then Samsung dabbled in the AI space by introducing its own assistant software called Bixby. Google’s software allows for smart organization and sharing of photos. Google’s photos app for iOS and Android is powered by artificial intelligence, to help you find groups of photos. Google Assistant includes a number of voice-activated functions that are used to power Google’s visual search engine called “Lens.” Huawei hails itself as the first mobile manufacturer to introduce a dedicated AI chip for smartphones.

Over the past few years, the information technology industry has developed into an all-powerful entity. It has played an important role in giving birth to the “digital era” in Pakistan. ADDO AI is Pakistan’s first AI Company. It has concluded various projects in microfinance, smart cities and farming sector in multiple countries. Moreover, ADDO AI has been working as an artificial intelligence advisory firm. Its main focus is on various multi-dimensional projects in AI which are expected to become a trendsetter in the coming years. A new tech startup “Mountainise” was introduced this year in Pakistan. The purpose of starting Mountainise was to utilize machine learning and AI in order to promote performance marketing by setting up data analytics teams. Mountainise can take your business goals. It can amplify and executes them with the help of innovative solutions through machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Why It Matters???

There are a number of reasons that why Artificial Intelligence matters a lot. AI automates repetitive learning and discovery through data. Artificial Intelligence is different from hardware-driven, robotic automation. AI performs computerized tasks reliably and without fatigue. It adds intelligence to existing products. Combination of smart machines with large amounts of data can improve many technologies at home and in the workplace. AI analyzes the deeper data using neural networks that have many hidden layers. AI achieves incredible accuracy through deep neural networks.  For example, the Alexa, Google Search, and Google Photos are all based on deep learning. The more we use them the more they get accurate. In the medical field, AI techniques from deep learning, image classification, and object recognition can now be used to find cancer on MRIs with the same accuracy as highly trained radiologists. Furthermore, AI adapts progressive learning algorithms to let the data do the programming. The data itself can become intellectual property when algorithms are self-learning. Most of the times, the answers are present in the data.  In order to get them, you just have to apply AI. These are the basic reasons for its significance.

AI technology has become part of everyone’s life. Everyone is using AI to generate leads and remove the work pressure even if the work scale is small or big. One day will come when the manual work will end and everything will be machine based. Who knows what AI can do for us in the future; maybe it will be a whole society of Robots.

Laiba Mohsin

Laiba is an Electrical Engineer seeking a placement to gain hands-on experience in relevant areas of Telecommunication. She likes to write about tech and gadgets. She's is known for her love for cats, music, traveling and exploring things.
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